Statistics indicate that about 300 million people are obese, the problem is more serious in North America and Europe, and the incidence rate in Europe stands at 30% (en Suisse).
Metabolic condition characterized by an abnormal increase in body weight.
A BMI greater than 20% is defined overweight; more than 30% is defined obesity that from the point of view etiologic may be essential or secondary.
Obesity is the most common and essential stands in severe obesity, early onset, and adult obesity, and is determined by the change in the energy balance and excessive accumulation of fatty tissue in the body, the body stores energy provided by food which has not been spent for the function of the body; therefore introduces more energy than it consumes.
Treatment of this type of obesity and / or overweight is essentially dietary, nutritional education, regular physical activity and correction of states that cause emotional eating etc.
In Switzerland about 33% of people are overweight (2006 data).
Causes of obesity
The causes are multiple, are often linked to a diet richer than that indicated in the media, from an energy expenditure lower than desirable, and a sedentary lifestyle but also by a genetic predisposition or from glandular dysfunction. In addition, the weight gain is related to the hormones released by stress (adrenaline and cortisone) saw that push the desire to eat more.
Another cause of obesity is insufficient rest: sleep less than four hours per night, favor the production of substances in the brain that stimulate the appetite and reduce the feeling of satiety.
To end the medicines also play an important role on taking weight (antidepressants, antihistamines, corticosteroids and so on.). Health risks
The risks associated with obesity are many, it is statistically proven that an obese person is more vulnerable to health problems. If you swallow more than necessary amount of energy, it accumulates in the form of fat and as a result you may encounter the following diseases: diabetes, heart problems, high blood pressure, circulatory problems, cholesterol (atherosclerosis), sleep apnea, as well as the consequences psychological, aesthetic and psychological such as depression.
Depending on the severity of obesity, life expectancy of an obese person can be reduced by up to half that of a person whose weight is average.
Treatment Reality in 2000 allows to regulate metabolism and to assimilate only the necessary food. When there is the problem of emotional eating, it acts making it disappear.